Common Types of Commercial Trucks

Trucking Lawsuits: Commercial Drivers’ Licenses, Commercial Trucks, and Injuries from Trucking Accidents


Large, profit-seeking companies send heavy commercial vehicles over America’s roads every day. These companies have a right to use public roads, but that right comes with a responsibility. Because commercial vehicles are usually larger and heavier than regular automobiles, the companies that own and operate them must obey certain regulations about who can drive the vehicles and how they can be operated.  Truck accident injuries are oftentimes catastrophic which is why it is imperative that truck drivers follow the rules.

If the truck companies or their drivers violate federal regulations, they can be held accountable. Our truck accident lawyers have handled truck accident cases, and we know what it takes to win these types of personal injury cases.


A good trucking lawyer knows to investigate not only the collision, but also the truck driver.  In this video clip, we cross-examined a company vice-president about the driver that this company put on the road.  See what this vice-president admitted at the end!

Drivers between the ages of 18 and 21 are eligible for commercial licenses, but they are not allowed to drive commercial vehicles outside of Georgia.  This restriction is lifted once a driver turns 21.

Before obtaining a CDL, a driver must take a written-knowledge examination, pass a road test, and undergo a thorough medical examination as required by the Department of Transportation (DOT).  Special endorsements are required for drivers who operate school buses or vehicles transporting hazardous materials.


In Georgia, commercial licenses are classified according to vehicle weight and vehicle type.


Class A licenses are issued for tractor-semi trailer or truck trailer combinations with a combined with of more than 26,000 pounds and a towed vehicle weight of 10,000 pounds. A driver with a Class A license is allowed to operate Class B and Class C vehicles, but additional endorsements are required.


Class AP is an instructional permit issued to drivers who are learning how to operate commercial vehicles.


Class B licenses are issued for single vehicles weighing more than 26,000 pounds with a towed unit that weighs less than 10,000 pounds.


Class BP is an instructional permit issued to drivers who are learning to operate Class B vehicles.


Class C commercial licenses are issued for vehicles designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, or to vehicles used to transport hazardous materials in quantities large enough to require a hazardous materials placard.


Tanker Trucks

Tanker trucks are designed to transport gasoline, chemicals, and other hazardous products.  These trucks are especially dangerous because they usually carry flammable materials, increasing the risk for fires and explosions if the tanker is involved in a crash.


Tractor-trailers are among the most recognizable vehicles on the road.  A typical tractor-trailer weighs approximately 80,000 pounds, which means even a low-impact crash can cause significant injuries.  Most tractor-trailers are anywhere from 70 to 80 feet long if you include the cab.

Flatbed Trucks

Not every commercial truck has a trailer attached to it.  Some have flat beds to carry hay bales, logs, and other cargo that doesn’t fit inside a standard trailer.  With flatbed trucks, it’s especially important that the driver knows how to and secure cargo properly.  Otherwise, cargo can fall off the back of the flatbed truck, obstructing the roadway and increasing the risk for a serious accident.

Delivery Trucks

Although they’re smaller than tractor-trailers, delivery trucks—often called “box trucks”—are big enough to cause serious harm if they’re not driven carefully.  Companies that operate box trucks and other delivery vehicles must hire only safe drivers, properly train those drivers, and continue to monitor the drivers during the years that the driver works for the company.  Unfortunately, some companies prioritize speedy deliveries above the safety of motorists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, which puts the driving public at risk.


We talk to our client’s doctors and frequently take their depositions to play at trial.  In the depositions, our the doctors explain our client’s injuries to the jury.  In this video clip, our client’s doctor explains how auto accidents can cause concussions and traumatic brain injuries.

In this video clip, our client’s doctor explains how the human spine works and how auto accidents can cause injuries to the lower back or other parts of the spine.

Truck accidents involving commercial vehicles must be handled by an experienced truck accident lawyer who knows the laws relevant to truck accident cases. Some commercial vehicles are equipped with recording devices that can give a personal injury lawyer valuable information about what happened at the time of the crash. You need a truck accident attorney who knows how collision reconstruction experts work, how to depose doctors, how to request the right information from the trucking company, how to figure out how the company operated, and how to present a powerful case to a jury. Our personal injury lawyers have extensive experience holding truck drivers, trucking companies, and insurance companies responsible for serious accidents.